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Sunday, August 10, 2008

A reflected Egyptian Bible

I don't agree with everything Sundberg had to say, but I hought this was interested.

"The foregoing is the extent of our primary evidence of the
Jewish Bible in Egypt. When we come to Christian writings, however, we find
considerable evidence of the use of Jewish religious literature: the Law, the
Prophets, one instance of the Psalms (Luke 24:44), and others extending beyond
the bounds of the Hebrew canon. This evidence commences with the earliest
Christian writings, the New Testament collection, and continues into the
Apostolic Fathers, the fathers of the early church, and beyond. This evidence
includes the use of the books now called the apocrypha or deuterocanonical books
and the pseudepigrapha. The following are reflected in the books of the New
Testament: 1 Esdras (Matt), Tobit (Matt, Luke, John, Paul, Rev,), Wisdom of
Solomon (Matt, Mark, John, Acts, Paul, 2 Tim, Jas, Rev), Sirach (Matt, Mark,
Luke, John, Acts, Paul, 2 Tim, Jas, 2 Pet), Baruch (John, Paul, 1 Tim), 1
Maccabees (John, Acts, 1 Tim), 2 Maccabees (Matt, Luke, Acts, Paul, 2 Tim, Rev),
4 Maccabees(Matt, John, Acts, Paul, 1 Tim, 2 Tim), 4 Esdras (Matt, 2 Pet),
Psalms of Solomon (Matt, Luke, John, Acts, Paul, Rev), Assumption of Moses
(Matt), Assumption of Isaiah (Heb), Enoch (1 Pet, Jude). The Apostolic Fathers
reflect five books of the apocrypha: Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, Sirach,
and 2 Maccabees, and also, 2 Esdras, Enoch, and the book of Eldad and Modad. The
Ante-Nicene Fathers reflect 2 Esdras, Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon,
Sirach, Baruch, 1, 2, 4 Maccabees. Since Christians adopted this Jewish
nonsectarian religious literature not included in the later Jewish canon from
Egyptian Judaism, it is fair to assume that this Christian usage probably
reflects Egyptian Jewish usage."


[1] pages 82-83, by Albert C. Sunberg Jr., in the book "The Canon Debate" edited by McDonald and Sanders, Hendrickson Publishers, 2002


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